The Sahara desert is the largest source of dust in the world and thus it plays an important role in the radiative budget and climate change. Dust storms represent serious natural hazards, causing numerous negative impacts on aviation safety, health, ground transport, agriculture and climate.
The transport of Saharan dust into Europe has a clear seasonality, being more frequent from February to June, and from late autumn to early winter (Escudero et al., 2005), although dust events can be distributed throughout the year. The Mediterranean countries are mostly affected by Sahara dust episodes (Querol et al., 2009; Kallos et al., 2007). The reason for this is the low precipitation in the Mediterranean basin that favours the long residence time of PM in the atmosphere with the consequent impact on air quality (Karanasiou et al, 2012).
The dust plume moved rapidly north-eastwards, affecting Greece and Turkey. Ferry traffic and flights were interrupted. Turkey is strongly affected by Middle East and African dust source areas. Dust sources to the eastern Mediterranean vary throughout the year with the North Central Sahara dominating in the spring, the northeast Sahara in the summer, and the Middle East in the autumn.(Turkish State Meteorological Service. Analysis of Dust Event over Eastern Mediterranean on 1 February 2015).
ALGERIA (ISO Country Code: DZA)
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